Tampere is located on the banks of Tammerkoski rapids, between two lakes, Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. Tampere is the third biggest city and 2nd biggest growth center in Finland and the biggest inland city in the Nordic countries with 215,168 inhabitants.
The EU-GUGLE demonstration takes place in Tammela, which is a sparsely built traditional residential area right next to the city center and the railway. Characteristics are the traditional square plan with building stocks, vivid market square and parks. Tammela has a need for refurbishments and large potential for infill development.
The Tammela district
Tampere has 215,168 inhabitants, the Central Region Tampere has 360,681 inhabitants and the Tammela district, where the renovations take place, has 6337 inhabitants. The age distribution of Tammela is one-sidedly mostly elderly people. 94 % of the inhabitants are between ages 18-over 85 and only 6 % between the ages 0-17. Decision making in the privately owned housing companies can be challenging because of lack of interest to do big renovations and lack of funds.
The building stock
The building stock is privately owned blocks of flats mostly from the 1960s to 1980s. Building stock and sites are owned by private housing companies which are owned by the flat owners.
- 30 000 m2 surface are to be renovated,
- 560 inhabitants in the renovated buildings,
- 400 dwellings will be renovated (approximately)
What will happen in the district during the project?
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Foreseen technical and non technical measures
- Adding insulation to the walls
- Renewal of the windows and balcony doors
- Glazing of the balconies
- Renovation of the roof/adding insulation to the ceiling
- Renewing the thermostat valves and adjusting the heating network
- Renovation of the heating system
- Renovating the adjustment system of the heating
- Solar panels
- Adding heat recovery to the ventilation system
- Air-source heat pump
- New tabs
- Metering for water consumption in every apartment
- Renovation of the drainpipe system
- Energy efficient lighting
- Remote monitoring of the properties
- Specialized events for the residents and the other parties on energy efficient and environmental friendly renovating, building and living
The expected energy savings are 40 % in heating energy, based on calculations.
The benefits for the various groups affected by the development of Tammela district will be significant. The energy efficient renovation demonstrations will produce environmentally friendly living spaces with a better quality for living, and a format that can be replicated in the specific area as well as in all other areas. The improved quality will also help to save and raise the value of the existing buildings. If the whole Tammela-project will succeed according to the plan, it will provide new modern and energy efficient residence to over 4000 citizens in a green urban environment with good services and connections, at the same time helping the city with the issue of net migration and creating a format for the needed infill development processes. The improvement of the area itself will naturally benefit also the current inhabitants as well as everybody else under the influence.
The renovation project can be financed with the housing companies own funds, lone and combining different models. There are also partial public renovation financing aids as either interest or financing subsidies. The EU-GUGLE project also provides the chosen housing companies with additional funding.
The Tammela housing stock consists of mainly dwellings owned by households (through shares) in housing companies. The Finnish system of housing companies has worked well in new housing production. The system also enabled low-income households to purchase an owner-occupied dwelling.
Now that the buildings are reaching the age when renovations are needed, the model that was excellent for new construction has proven a hindrance.
The situations of lives of the occupants of housing companies are different. Households may have one or two incomes or live on wages or pensions. Renovation costs are divided based on dwelling size, not the number of inhabitants or their financial capacity.
The owners of dwellings in housing companies are personally responsible for renovations to their dwelling while renovations of the building and technical systems are a joint responsibility. Decisions on renovations require a majority. There are always household-dwelling units in housing companies unprepared for renovation. The reason is often that the occupants only intend to stay in their dwelling for a short period. New hindrances to renovations are the investment dwellings of the elderly who seek additional pension security in the form of rental income. It is often impossible to transfer renovation costs in full to rents, which raises the threshold for renovations.
The work will take place between 1.4.2013 – 31.12.2016, and the follow up period lasts minimum a year.