Gaziantep is the sixth biggest city of Turkey with a population of 1,7 millions on a surface area 6819 km2. Gaziantep takes part in the project as an associated city. The city’s building stock is mainly composed of buildings constructed after the 50s, most of which have no external insulation and inadequate heating systems. Following a recently adopted Climate Change Action Plan, Gaziantep intends to build on the experiences cumulated in EU-GUGLE to reduce its own CO2 emissions and energy consumption by 20% by 2023, through smart renovation measures.
The Gaziantep Climate Action Plan
With the preparation of the Gaziantep Climate Action Plan, The Metropolitan Municipality of Gaziantep Turkey became the first example in Turkey for its politics and initiatives aming at improving the life of its citizens towards sustainability. With this study Gaziantep becomes a pioneer countrywide because of a wide analysis of its current GHG emissions and possible future mitigation and adaption policies.
CO2 emission reduction targets
Following the results of the Climate Action Plan, Gaziantep has announced CO2 emission reduction targets:
- Reduction of 20% of CO2 per capita in 2023
- Reduction of 20% of energy consumption per capita in 2023
In order to achieve these two targets Gaziantep intends to follow in the footprint of EU-GUGLE towards active and engaged sustainability objectives.
The building stock
The building stock in Gaziantep is composed mainly of buildings constructed after 1950. Most buildings do not incorporate external thermal insulation (building envelop) for walls and roof.
Energy consumption in the area
In Gaziantep, the residential sector represents 33 % of the consumption of the territory. In this sector, two laws have been voted in Turkey which came in force January 2011. Due to the predominance of coal-fuelled heating systems, the energy consumption for heating service and residential sector is a heavy burden in the energy balance of Gaziantep. In the residential sector, nearly 80 % of the energy consumption is dedicated to heating, despite an estimated low level of comfort. Regarding water heating, it is estimated that almost all housing are set up with solar water heater for hot water production. Although use of heating facilities is mostly collective, solar water heaters are individual. This situation leads to a saturation of the roofs by these individual solar water heaters. Collective options should be studied.